html scss

Segmented Control

Try the demo. 👆🏻

Should UI be written this way? No, but it’s amusing. More seriously, we tend to put our cruft on the JS end of functionality when a surprising amount can be done with HTML and CSS alone.

Working on components and systems with my team, I often find that designers lacking development experience have a rough time understanding both a component’s design and programmatic inputs and outputs. Working on this with junior designers, we do an exercise where we compare basic UI elements and see if we can logically recreate one with the functionality of another. For example, radio inputs within a fieldset represent a single selection within an array, which map to a whole host of other elements—and silly dev exercises like this help to make that point.

View the source below.

  • <fieldset class="segmented-control">
      <input type="radio" id="item-1" name="segmented-control-item" checked />
      <label class="item" for="item-1" tabindex="1">😡</label>
      <input type="radio" id="item-2" name="segmented-control-item" />
      <label class="item" for="item-2" tabindex="2">☹️</label>
      <input type="radio" id="item-3" name="segmented-control-item" />
      <label class="item" for="item-3" tabindex="3">😐</label>
      <input type="radio" id="item-4" name="segmented-control-item" />
      <label class="item" for="item-4" tabindex="4">☺️</label>
      <input type="radio" id="item-5" name="segmented-control-item" />
      <label class="item" for="item-5" tabindex="5">😍</label>
      <div class="effect-container">
        <div class="hover-background"></div>
        <div class="selected-background"></div>
      </div>
    </fieldset>
  • @use 'color';
    
    fieldset {
      border: 0;
    }
    
    // use radio buttons for logic, but hide the button itself.
    input {
      display: none;
    }
    
    // Fun Stuff
    $gap: 6px;
    
    // wrapping control
    .segmented-control {
      list-style: none;
      display: grid;
      grid-auto-columns: 1fr;
      padding: 0;
      margin: 0;
      position: relative;
      border-radius: 12px;
      padding: $gap;
      gap: $gap;
      justify-content: space-between;
      width: auto;
      background-color: light-dark(var(--cK95, #F8F8F8), var(--cK1, #F8F8F8));
      user-select: none;
      -webkit-user-select: none;
    }
    
    .item {
      white-space: nowrap;
      width: 100%;
      display: block;
      text-align: center;
      grid-row: 1 / 2;
      position: relative;
      padding: 8px 12px;
      z-index: 100;
      vertical-align: middle;
      line-height: 16px;
      font-size: 16px;
      will-change: scale;
    
      input:not(:checked)+&:hover~.effect-container .hover-background,
      input:not(:checked)+&:active~.effect-container .hover-background {
        background-color: light-dark(var(--cK90, #E6EFF0), var(--cK5, #E6EFF0));
        opacity: 1;
        transition-property: translate, opacity, scale;
        transition-duration: 0s, 0.2s, .1s;
        transition-timing-function: ease-out;
      }
    
      input:not(:checked)+&:active,
      input:not(:checked)+&:active~.effect-container .hover-background {
        scale: 0.95;
        opacity: 1;
      }
    
      &:focus-visible {
        box-shadow: 0 0 0 2px light-dark(var(--cB50, #EF5E14), var(--cB60, #EF5E14));
        outline: none;
      }
    
      input:checked+&:focus-visible {
        box-shadow: none;
      }
    }
    
    .selected-background {
      position: absolute;
      z-index: 10;
      inset: 0;
      border-radius: 4px;
      transition: 0.2s translate ease-out;
      background-color: light-dark(var(--c100, #F8f8f8), var(--cK20, #F8f8f8));
      box-shadow:
        0px 3px 6px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05),
        0px 0.9px 1.8px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.03),
        0px 0.38px 0.76px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.025),
        0px 0.14px 0.28px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.017);
    }
    
    .hover-background {
      position: absolute;
      z-index: 0;
      inset: 0;
      border: 1px solid light-dark(var(--cK95, #F8f8f8), var(--cK1, #F8f8f8));
      opacity: 0;
      border-radius: 4px;
      transition-property: translate, opacity, scale;
      // impossible high duration makes it look like it's not transitioning at all
      transition-duration: 999999999s, 0.2s, 0.2s;
      transition-timing-function: ease-out;
      background-color: transparent;
    }
    
    .effect-container {
      position: absolute;
      inset: $gap;
    }
    
    // This stuff should _not_ be used in production, but gets me the behavior I want w/o JS 
    // props that change depending on number of children, and which item is selected
    @for $i from 1 through 99 {
      .item:nth-of-type(#{$i})~.effect-container * {
        --itemCount: #{$i};
        --itemWidth: calc((100% - (6px * (var(--itemCount) - 1))) / var(--itemCount));
      }
    
      input:nth-of-type(#{$i}):checked~.effect-container,
      {
      --selectedItemIndex: #{$i};
    }
    
    input:nth-of-type(#{$i}):hover~.effect-container,
    {
    --hoverItemIndex: #{$i};
    }
    }
    
    // the different offsets depending on which item is selected
    .selected-background,
    .hover-background {
      width: calc(var(--itemWidth) - var(--itemWidthModifier, 0px));
    }
    
    .selected-background {
      translate: calc((100% + #{$gap}) * (var(--selectedItemIndex) - 1)) 0;
    }
    
    .hover-background {
      translate: calc((100% + #{$gap}) * (var(--hoverItemIndex) - 1)) 0;
    }